|Name: Asian Elephant|
|Scientific name: Elephas maximus|
|Range: Southern Asia; parts of India, China, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Indonesia|
|Habitat: From sea-level to mountainous regions, although they may inhabit open grassland or even marshes|
|Food in the Wild: Grass, fruit, twigs, leaves, bamboo, and water Food at the Zoo: hay, grain, vegetables, branches, and bamboo and water|
|Location in the zoo: Asian Falls|
|General information: Social unit: gregarious and roam about in herds (of 15-20) led by an old female; Defense: tusks are used as a tool for feeding and as a weapon; Reproduction: gestation lasts 22 months and an adult female gives birth about every 4 years starting at about age 13.|
Special anatomical, physiological or behavioral adaptations:
A thirsty elephant can drink 200 liters of water in about 4 min. A charging elephant can reach speeds of up to 40 km/h. Blood vessels in their ears work as a cooling system. The ears are used as fans. Their bones are massive and lack bone marrow; this allows them to have a maximum amount of support. They go through 6 sets of teeth in 1 lifetime. This is due to the constant wearing during feeding.
the elephants of the Fort Worth Zoo:
The elephants are given tires, barrels, and other "behavioral enrichment" toys. The FW Zoo has a coordinator of enrichment. The coordinator observes how the animals use the toys they are given. Example of an enrichment activity.
Fort Worth Zoo currently has 4 Asian Elephants. There is 1 bull, and 3 cows (this is 1 male, 3 adult females). Two came in 1985, one in 1988. They have come from NY, KY, WI, and Tyler TX. The Fort Worth Zoo does have a breeding program. The elephant who paints gave birth to a female infant in Dec. 1998.
AND HERE SHE IS!!
Sources and Links:
Page Author: Kelli Quinn
Asian Elephant Bios: plaque outside Asian Elephant exhibit at the Fort Worth Zoo.
|Elephant Chain Picture, downloaded from: Http://www.users.fl.net.au/~rodac/courteney/eles.html|